Benefits of IUD’s – Non-Contraceptive Advantages to having an IUD Fitted

Benefits of IUD’s – Non-Contraceptive Advantages to having an IUD Fitted

Benefits of IUD’s – Non-Contraceptive Advantages to having an IUD Fitted

Most women and their clinicians are unaware that IUDs confer important non-contraceptive health benefits. NCBI conducted a series of systematic literature searches to identify articles on the non-contraceptive health benefits of IUD use.


1)      Use of non-hormonal IUDs (plastic and copper) was associated with a decrease in endometrial cancer.

The levonorgestrel intrauterine system can treat a variety of gynaecological disorders, including menorrhagia and anaemia. The levonorgestrel system has also been used successfully as part of hormone replacement therapy, as adjuvant therapy with tamoxifen, and as an alternative to hysterectomy for women with bleeding problems. Like oral contraceptives, intrauterine contraceptives confer important non-contraceptive health benefits.


2)      IUD as Emergency Contraception (Copper IUD’s ONLY)

A Copper IUD can be inserted up to five days after unprotected intercourse to prevent pregnancy. The Copper IUD is considered the most effective method of emergency contraception when other methods of contraception fail or were not used


3)      Therapeutic Uses of IUDs

 IUDs also offer important non-contraceptive health benefits. Copper IUDs are protective against the development of endometrial cancer. Levonorgestrel-containing IUDs (Mirena) are effective in treating a variety of gynecological disorders, including heavy menstrual bleeding and anemia, and have also been used effectively to reduce side effects associated with hormonal replacement therapy.


4)      Timing of insertion of intrauterine devices - immediate postpartum insertion of intrauterine device for contraception

Insertion of an IUD immediately after delivery is appealing for several reasons. The woman is known not to be pregnant, her motivation for contraception may be high, and the setting may be convenient for both the woman and her provider. However, the risk of spontaneous expulsion may be unacceptably high. This review assesses the efficacy and feasibility of IUD insertion immediately after expulsion of the placenta.


5)      Treatment for heavy menstrual bleeding

The progesterone IUD (Mirena) can be used to decrease heavy menstrual blood flow. Several studies have shown that it is more effective than oral progesterone pills. The IUD should only be placed once other, more serious, causes of the heavy bleeding are ruled out by a clinician. It can be used as an alternative therapy to hysterectomy.


6)      Menopausal Hormone Therapy: (Mirena)

Alternative delivery method for progesterone component of combined menopausal hormone replacement therapy. Good for women who cannot tolerate oral progesterone pills. Women experience similar decreases in hot flashes and night sweats when compared to women taking traditional hormone replacement regimens (oestrogen and progesterone pills and patches)


7)      Treatment for Pelvic Pain

Small studies show that the Mirena IUD may reduce endometriosis-associated pelvic pain.


*Some of these benefits relate to hormonal IUD’s. Note that the CopperPearls IUB is non-hormonal, and not all advantages listed above apply.


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