What’s the Best Birth Control for Women with PCOS?

What’s the Best Birth Control for Women with PCOS?

What’s the Best Birth Control for Women with PCOS?

 

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormone disorder that causes numerous symptoms, including infertility. Hormonal birth control that contains both oestrogen and progestin can help rebalance the hormones, alleviating many of the symptoms.

 

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder that affects 1 in 10 women of childbearing age. The endocrine system consists of glands that secrete and regulate hormones, such as testosterone and oestrogen.

 

Women with PCOS have a hormonal imbalance that causes unusually high levels of male sex hormones. These imbalances change the way the ovaries function and can cause them to develop many small cysts.

 

Women with PCOS may also not ovulate or do so infrequently. PCOS is a leading cause of infertility.

 

PCOS Facts

1.       Doctors do not yet have a cure for PCOS.

2.       A widely used treatment for PCOS is combination birth control.

3.       The symptoms of PCOS vary from woman-to-woman.

4.       Birth control pills help regulate a woman's menstrual period, making it more predictable.

 

How Does Birth Control Affect PCOS?

With treatment, the symptoms can be managed and may disappear.

 

Hormonal birth control is considered to be combination birth control when it contains two hormones. These hormones are usually oestrogen, and a synthetic form of progesterone called progestin.

 

These combination pills can also regulate some hormonal imbalances, by increasing a woman's oestrogen levels and decreasing the amount of testosterone her body produces.

 

Due to combination birth control pills containing two hormones that can adjust hormone issues, they are the preferred choice for many prescribing doctors.

 

However, not all women can safely take combination pills. Hormonal birth control pills are safe, but they do present some risks including:

A greater risk of diabetes: This is a consideration for women with PCOS who are already at risk for diabetes.

 

A risk of cardiovascular issues: Including dangerous blood clots in the legs. Women with PCOS who are obese may have an elevated risk. If they smoke, the risk rises.

 

Weight gain: Some evidence suggests that birth control pills can cause weight gain, but other studies disagree. Women who are already obese may be reluctant to take birth control pills. Weight gain can make the symptoms of PCOS worse.

 

For some women, a pill known as the minipill may be a better choice. Minipills contain just one hormone, progestin. They are less likely to cause side effects than combination pills. However, when they do cause side effects, these can be the same.

 

What Are the Best Birth Control Pills for PCOS?

Combination birth control pills all work the same way. They prevent the ovaries from releasing an egg and so prevent pregnancy. They also thicken the mucus of the cervix. If the ovaries were to release an egg, this thickened mucus could prevent pregnancy.

 

The same hormones that prevent ovulation can also keep male hormone levels low and raise female hormone levels. Combination pills for PCOS include:

 

The hormones that prevent ovulation in combination birth control pills, may also raise female hormone levels.

·         Alesse

·         April

·         Aranelle

·         Aviane

·         Enpresse

·         Estrostep

·         Lessina

·         Levlen

·         Levlite

·         Levora

·         Loestrin

·         Mircette

·         Natazia

·         Nordette

·         Lo/Orval

·         Ortho-Novum

·         Ortho Tri-Cyclen

·         Yasmin

·         Yaz

 

Some pills, such as Loestrin, have lower oestrogen levels. These low oestrogen levels can reduce the severity of some side effects but may also be less effective against symptoms of PCOS.

 

Someone with PCOS should talk to a doctor about the right amount of oestrogen based on their symptoms and other risk factors.

 

 

While the non-hormonal IUD may not be the ultimate solution for those suffering with PCOS, it is a reliable, set-and-forget option for those seeking non-hormonal birth control methods.

 

For any info, pricing and advice on the CopperPearls IUB, click here to get in touch with us today! 

 

 

Image Credit: Doctors Health Press