Contraceptives and Diabetes – What Women With Diabetes Need to Consider Before Going onto Birth Control

Contraceptives and Diabetes – What Women With Diabetes Need to Consider Before Going onto Birth Control

Contraceptives and Diabetes – What Women With Diabetes Need to Consider Before Going onto Birth Control


A thorough study sought to find out the safety of hormonal contraception regarding thromboembolic events in women with both type 1 and 2 diabetes.


Researchers used data from 2002-2011 in Clinformatics Data Mart to pinpoint women in the US between ages 14 and 44 who had diabetes and a prescription for a diabetes medication or device. Then they looked at contraceptive claims and compared time to any case of venous thrombosis, stroke, or heart attack among women who had been prescribed hormonal birth control medication while controlling for age, smoking, obesity, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetic complications, and a history of cancer. Data for women in the three months after giving birth was not included.



Does Birth Control Raise Risk of Thromboembolic Events in Diabetic Women?

The researchers found 146,080 women with diabetes who had experienced 3,012 thromboembolic events. Of those women, 28 percent of reproductive-aged women with diabetes took hormonal contraception and most of them took estrogen-containing oral contraceptives.


Thromboembolic events occurred mostly in women who used the contraceptive patch and lowest among those who used intrauterine (IUD) and subdermal contraceptives. Researchers wrote in their study abstract that “Compared with use of intrauterine contraception, progestin-only injectable contraception was associated with increased risk of thromboembolism,”


Which Birth Control Methods are recommended for Women with Diabetes?

The researchers concluded that the “absolute risk of thromboembolism among women with type 1 or 2 diabetes using hormonal contraception is low.”


The best thing for women with diabetes to do is to plan their pregnancies since high blood sugars before or during pregnancy can harm the foetus. The researchers wrote that “Highly effective, intrauterine and subdermal contraceptives are excellent options for women with diabetes,”


Information on the following types of birth control mentioned in the study according to the National Institute of Health:


The contraceptive patch is a thin, plastic patch placed on the skin which releases hormones through the skin and into the bloodstream. The patch can be placed on the lower abdomen, buttocks, outer arm, or upper body. It is changed each week for 3 weeks while the 4th week is skipped to allow menstruation. In the US, only the Ortho Evra patch is FDA approved.

Intrauterine contraceptives are small T-shaped or spherical CopperPearls (LINK) devices that are inserted by a health care provider into the uterus. It stays and works effectively to prevent pregnancy for years at a time. “After the recommended length of time” or when the woman no longer wants the contraception, “a health care provider removes or replaces the device.” There are copper or hormonal intrauterine devices (IUD).


While the debate is still alive as to which type of contraceptive is best suited to Diabetic women, it’s safe to say that the best bet is using a non-hormonal IUD or IUB. The risks are associated with Diabetic complications whilst using this form of birth control are eliminated, and factoring in the absolute convenience of this product, you’d be hard pressed to find a better, healthy solution, particularly when handling a chronic condition such as diabetes.

For any info or pricing on the CopperPearls IUB, click here to get in touch with us today!



h/t to for the great info!