Mirena vs ParaGard vs Copper Pearls

Mirena vs ParaGard vs Copper Pearls

Mirena vs ParaGard vs Copper Pearls


Intra-Uterine devices are becoming the preferred method of pregnancy prevention in women of the 21st century, especially those who are health-conscious in terms of what hormones they allow to be part of their everyday lives. While the market for hormonal and barrier method contraception is already flooded, we are only seeing a slow trickle of new devices into the IU system of contraceptives. It’s important to note that NOT ALL Intra-Uterine devices are non-hormonal.


The Copper Pearl IUB (without blowing our own horn) is one of the leading non-hormonal contraceptive technologies, and we thought we would review every aspect of the most common types of IU devices - Mirena, ParaGard and Copper Pearls.


Mirena IUD Review

Information herein sourced from https://www.mirena-us.com/about-mirena/

Mirena® is a hormone-releasing IUD that is over 99% effective at preventing pregnancy for as long as you want, for up to 5 years. Mirena can be used whether or not you have had a child. Mirena also treats heavy periods in women who choose intrauterine contraception.

Mirena is a small, T-shaped intrauterine device (IUD) which is placed into the uterus by a trained healthcare provider during an office visit. Placement of Mirena is nonsurgical, and is reversible, so you can have it removed at any time and try to become pregnant right away.


Possible side effects include:

·         Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

·         A life-threatening infection called sepsis, including Group A streptococcal sepsis (GAS), may occur within the first few days after Mirena is placed. Call your healthcare provider immediately if you experience severe pain or unexplained fever shortly after Mirena is placed.

·         Perforation. Mirena may become attached to (embedded) or go through the wall of the uterus.


How does Mirena work to prevent pregnancy?

Mirena is an IUD that releases small amounts of a progestin hormone called levonorgestrel into the uterus.


ParaGard Review

Information herein sourced from http://paragard.com/safety-and-side-effects.aspx

What is ParaGard? It is an intrauterine copper contraceptive, a copper-releasing device that is placed in your uterus to prevent pregnancy for up to 10 years.


How does ParaGard work to prevent pregnancy?

The copper in ParaGard enhances its effectiveness. It interferes with sperm movement, egg fertilization, and possibly prevents implantation.

Because the device is hormone free, you should keep your menstrual cycle. And if you decide you’re ready for a baby, you can start trying to get pregnant the same day the device is removed by your healthcare professional.

Possible side effects include:

·         Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

·         Difficult removals

·         Perforation - rarely, the device can go through the wall of the uterus, especially during placement.

·         Expulsion – the device may partially or completely fall out of the uterus.


CopperPearls Review

Information herein sourced from https://www.copperpearls.co.za/faq/

The IUB™ copper pearls are a birth control method that requires no hormones and is effective for up to 5 years. The IUB™ works along the same principle as other intrauterine devices and prevents pregnancy locally - within the uterus. The contraceptive effect comes mainly from the copper.

The IUB™ copper pearls consist of a special shape memory alloy, which has been successfully used in medicine for a long time, e.g. in implants and stents. Several copper pearls are strung on a uterus friendly frame, coated with polymer.

Once the flexible IUB™ frame is released from the insertion tube in the uterus it remembers its 3-dimensional past and coils into a round and smooth shape without sharp edges and corners. This almost entirely eliminates the possibility of perforation, a possible downfall to other types of IUD devices container sharp edges inherent to their design.

Attached to one end of the frame are two removal strings that serve to remove the IUB™.

The use of the shape memory alloy Nitinol as carrier material in an intrauterine contraception device is unique. For many years this alloy has been successfully used in medical implants. The IUB™ lasts for up to 5 years.


How does the Copper Pearls IUB work to prevent pregnancy?

As soon as the IUB™ is placed in your uterus, it starts releasing small amounts of copper into your uterus to provide continuous birth control for up to 5 years.

The method of action is similar to standard copper intrauterine devices. The copper ions released probably:

·         interfere with the process of fertilization in the uterus

·         limit the sperm mobility

·         prevent sperm from fertilizing the egg

·         prevent the egg from attaching (implanting) in the uterus

The amount of copper released from the copper pearls is minimal - the average quantity of copper ingested with a normal diet is much higher than the quantity inserted to the body through the copper pearls.


Possible side effects include:

·         Heavier, longer periods and spotting between periods can occur - most of these side effects diminish after 2-3 months. After your uterus gets used to the IUB™ copper pearls these side effects occur less frequently. Very occasionally the placement can cause a short fainting similar like when giving blood - without any further serious complications.

·         Rarely, the IUB™ goes through the wall of the uterus, especially during placement. This is called perforation. If the IUB™ perforates the uterus, it should be removed. Surgery may be needed. If the IUB™ perforates the uterus, you are not protected from pregnancy.

·         The IUB™ may partially or completely fall out of the uterus. This is called expulsion. Young women and women who have never been pregnant may be more likely to expel the IUB™ than women over 20 and women who have been pregnant before. If you can feel the threads outside of your vagina visit your doctor for a check-up.


Mirena vs ParaGard vs CopperPearls

We’ve broken down the various factors to consider into easily digested categories:

1)      Hormonal vs Non-Hormonal

The Mirena is the only one of these three IU devices that releases hormones in order to prevent pregnancy. If hormone absorption is of concern to you, this is a factor to consider.

2)      Side Effects

All of these devices carry possible side effects, most of which revolve around perforation, PID and expulsion. With the right attention from yourself, and getting to your doctor as soon as possible if you experience any of these side effects will help resolve the issue before it becomes life threatening. The inherent design of the CopperPearl IUB makes the risk of perforation far less likely, however.

3)      Lifespan of pregnancy prevention

Both the Mirena and CopperPearls IUB device both carry a lifespan of 5 years, with ParaGard spanning 10 years.  

The decision of which type of intra-uterine device is always based on the patients’ medical history, prior and current, and all devices require non-surgical fitment by a registered healthcare practitioner.


If you’d like more information regarding the CopperPearl IUB device, side effects, cost and other general info, click here to get in touch with us today!