What is an IUB?

What is an IUB?

What is an IUB?

While the IUD (Intra-Uterine Device) was invented as far back as the 19th century, they only came into widespread use in the late 1950s, when flexible plastic devices were developed by Jack Lippes and others. The IUD, made in a variety of shapes, is placed in the uterus by passing it through the cervix under sterile conditions.


However, as medical technology advanced through the years, so did the devices structure.

Improvements led to the creation of the TCu380A (ParaGard), which is currently one of the more popular copper IUD’s. The hormonal IUD was also invented in the 1960s and 1970s; initially the goal was to mitigate the increased menstrual bleeding associated with copper and insert IUDs.


2017 has seen the introduction of yet another more advanced, personalised for of IUD – the IUB. The IUB (Intra-Uterine Ball) is a medical innovation, developed by Dr Ilan Baram, MD, when a  serendipitous idea that ball-shaped IUDs would solve the problem of malposition – a situation where the standard T-shaped IUD shifts and turns inside the uterus and which is difficult to detect on ultrasound.

Malposition could also be a possible cause for pain and excess bleeding. Dr. Baram, a senior gynaecologist who focuses on contraception at his clinics immediately started working on finding a solution to the problem: how to pass a ball-shaped IUD through the cervical canal which is only a few millimetres in diameter.


This ‘magic’ was eventually enabled by a material with unique elastic properties called Nitinol, a metal alloy used extensively in medical implants such as coronary stents which can be ‘programmed’ to retain a certain shape. When OCON was established in early 2011 we chose Nitinol for the IUB™’s frame core and went on to design the gentlest shape to minimize risks and endometrial irritation.

Since then we have developed additional IUB™ variants to provide a better fit to all women seeking high quality long acting reversible contraception and are involved in developing novel women’s health products based on our proprietary frame.

OCON Medical is backed by Pontifax, RMI , Docor International, E. Burke Ross and Geddes Parsons - some of the world’s leading life sciences venture partners and private investors.


The IUB may be regarded as a medical breakthrough; taking existing IUD infrastructure and improving the efficiency and mitigating the risks commonly associated with traditional IUD’s – this type of hormone-free birth control is suitable for almost any woman seeking long-term, maintenance free contraception.


The only exceptions to women suited to use the IUB include:

·         Women who might be pregnant

·         Women who have an abnormally shaped uterus

·         Women who have a pelvic infection called pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or have current behaviour that puts you at high risk of PID (e.g. frequently changing sex partners)

·         Women who have had an infection in your uterus after a pregnancy or abortion in the past 3 months

·         Women who have cancer of the uterus or cervix

·         Women who have unexplained vaginal bleeding

·         Women who have an infection in their cervix

·         Women who have Wilson’s disease (a disorder in how the body handles copper)

·         Women are allergic to any material that is used in the IUB™

·         Women already have an intrauterine contraceptive in their uterus



Keen to try out the IUB in South Africa? Click here to get in touch with us today!