Contraceptive Types – Pill vs Injection vs IUD

Contraceptive Types – Pill vs Injection vs IUD

Contraceptive Types – Pill vs Injection vs IUD

Birth control can be used for more than the reason it is designed; some young ladies are placed onto hormonal birth control systems - such as the pill or injection – to assist in fighting acne, and help in alleviating period pains. However, when it comes to using contraceptives solely for their intended purpose – which is better?


We discuss the three most common types of contraceptives – the pill, the injection and the IUD system, to see which might suit your personal needs the best.


Is the Pill a Good Contraceptive?

Understanding how the contraceptive pill works is a good basis to understand it’s benefits and disadvantages:


Hormonal contraceptives all contain a small amount of man-made oestrogen and progestin hormones. These hormones work to inhibit the body's natural cyclical hormones to prevent pregnancy. The hormonal contraceptive usually stops the body from ovulating.

Preventing ovulation means there will be no egg to fertilise – but this method needs to be tried and tested on an individual basis to find the right type of pill for the patient.


Is the Injection a Good Contraceptive?

There are three main types of contraceptive injection: Depo-Provera, which lasts for 12 weeks, Sayana Press, which lasts for 13 weeks, and Noristerat, which lasts for eight weeks. The injection contains progestogen. This thickens the mucus in the cervix, stopping sperm reaching an egg.

The main advantages of this type of birth control are:


·         It can be useful for women who might forget to take the contraceptive pill every day.

·         It can be useful for women who can't use contraception that contains oestrogen.

·         It's not affected by medication.

While this method is preferred by many women over the pill, is it still the best type of birth control you can get?


Is an Non-Hormonal  IUD a Good Contraceptive?

IUD’s work primarily by preventing sperm from fertilizing an egg. The copper IUD releases copper into the uterus, which works as a spermicide.  It’s important to know that there is another type of IUD which releases progesterone. Women who are concerned about hormonal impact and long-term effects may opt to not have this type of IUD fitted. A non-hormonal IUD requires fitting every five years, releases zero hormones and once removed, there is no waiting period to falling pregnant (based on the individual, of course).


In short, if your intended outcome when using a contraceptive is to have the burden of remembering to take a pill daily, and you do not have the funds or inclination to have an IUD fitted, the injection is a simple and cost-effective way to prevent unwanted pregnancies. However, if your intended use is to control oestrogen and progesterone levels, the pill may be your best bet. For hormone-free contraceptive methods with no side effects and an easier to use system, an IUD is an affordable long-term solution. Remember that you can have it removed by a professional at any time you wish to, and it will bear no long term effects.


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